1957 was an interesting year for Western classical music — Iannis Xenakis took influence from advanced science and mathematics, Igor Stravinsky returned to avant-garde ballet, Dmitri Shostakovich made a bold political statement, and an obscure Frenchman named Jean Barraqué schooled Pierre Boulez at his own serialist game.
Composer: Jean Barraqué
Filled with an all-encompassing sound that is constantly falling over itself, it’s a wonder that Jean Barraqué’s Piano Sonata, originally conceived in 1952, can even stay upright at all, let alone for over 40-minutes. But it does, and that’s a marvel in itself.
Expanding upon Pierre Boulez’s experiments in serialism by adding Romantic intensity, Barraqué delivered a work that is both transfixing and timeless. His Piano Sonata is a spatial marvel, using strategic silences to counter-act the harsh waves of dissonant onslaught. After a while, the anti-melodic polytonality has a calming effect.
Composer: Iannis Xenakis
I’m not going to pretend like I know anything about Gauss’ Law, Brownian motion or Maxwell-Boltzmann distribution (scientific concepts that apparently influenced Iannis Xenaxis’ compositional process), but I do understand this: whereas Metastaseis succeeded by expanding infinitely outward, Pithoprakta essentially does the same by scaling back to a molecular level. Plucked strings, wood block and an eerie tone cluster of violin-knocking combine to form a microtonal cacophony of constant movement. It sounds like neutrons inside an atom. Or quarks inside a neutron.
Composer: Igor Stravinsky
Genre: Avant-Garde Classical
Choreographed by George Balanchine, the genre of dance performed in Agon is neo-classical, yet the music finds Igor Stravinsky returning to his avant-garde roots. Fans of The Firebird, Frank Zappa and Arnold Schoenberg will rejoice; fans of The Rake’s Progress may be disappointed.
Symphony No. 11 in G Minor (“The Year 1905”)
Composer: Dmitri Shostakovich
Dmitri Shostakovich’s Eleventh Symphony approaches the Russian Revolution of 1905 with the same spirit as Sergei Eisenstein’s 1925 silent film, Battleship Potemkin: over-the-top and full of spectacle, yet undeniably powerful. It’s a montage of clashing moods. Shostakovich drew influence from fellow countryman Modest Mussorgsky to convey the chaotic, Russian spirit.
Symphony No. 11 looks back on the events of 1905 from the viewpoint of 1956 — if all that resulted was Stalin and Hungarian oppression, was the Revolution even worth it? It’s hard to say if the opus ends in hope or dread.
Piano Concerto No. 2
Composer: Dmitri Shostakovich
Rumor has it that Shostakovich himself disowned this concerto before it even premiered. And while it may only be a minor work in the great Russian composer’s extensive catalogue, it’s still a worthwhile piece of music. The second movement in particularly is noteworthy for its impressive ambience and emotional power. However, the opening and closing movements bear little to no resemblance to the subdued “Andante,” detracting from the piece’s overall impact.