1952 was the year that serialism — an advanced technique spearheaded by the avant-garde teachings of the Darmstadt School — began to take off. Modernism had now become a controversial, mathematical formula based on tone rows and theory. Though there would be far better serialist music to come later in the decade, 1952 offered a vivid look into classical music’s left-field.
Artist: John Cage
The funniest musical joke ever composed. If you don’t quite understand it, watch a live performance. With this “composition,” John Cage essentially resolves postmodernism before it has even started — the be-all and end-all minimalist point-of-no-return.
Anything can be music. Even nothing. For 4 minutes 33 seconds, at least.
Piano Sonata No. 1, Op. 22
Artist: Alberto Ginastera
Genre: Avant-Garde Classical
Alberto Ginastera (the “Argentine Bartok”) was no doubt a huge inspiration upon prog-rock keyboardist Keith Emerson. There’s even a cover version of Ginastera’s first piano concerto on ELP’s 1973 LP, Brain Salad Surgery. My advice to any lover of music would be to ignore the pretentious rockers and go straight to the source — Ginastera was one of South American music’s premier exports. His solo repertoire for piano and organ should have him dubbed the “Argentine Bach.”
Artist: Sergei Prokofiev
As far as final masterpieces go, Prokofiev’s concerto for cello and orchestra (along with his Symphony No. 7) is a proper swansong. It wasn’t until early in the second movement that I became fully enveloped by the piece, but I soon understood that this was once again classic Prokofiev — one of the most consistent classical composers of all time.
Artist: Karlheinz Stockhausen
Pointilist serialist modernist songform by a young Darmstadt vanguard. The score calls for an oboist, bass clarinetist, pianist and a handful of percussionists.
Symphony No. 7
Artist: Henry Cowell
The second movement of Henry Cowell’s seventh symphony has an interesting impressionistic rhythm, achieving the dreamlike state (minus the cacophony) of his early solo piano work. The rest of the symphony, however, finds Cowell at his most average. He is only compelling when actively pushing boundaries.
Artist: Gail Kubik
Genre: Avant-Garde Classical
Despite being complex, modernist, a Pulitzer Prize-winner, etc., Gail Kubik’s Symphony Concertante seems to go nowhere. Yet the second movement (subtitled “Quietly”) unlocks a rare ambient majesty.
Artist: Luciano Berio
A major composer of Italian experimental music during the postwar era, Luciano Berio is one of serialism’s most radical figures. Nevertheless, “Due Pezzi” is a uncharacteristically “safe,” especially by Berio standards.
Espana en el Corazon
Artist: Luigi Nono
The other major composer of Italian experimental music during the postwar era, Luigi Nono is one of serialism’s most radical figures. Nevertheless, “España en el Corazón” is a little too radical, even by Nono standards.